# Speed, Velocity and Acceleration

## Speed

**Speed** is a measure of how fast an object is going or in other words how long it has taken to move a certain distance.
It is given in m/s (metres per second), kph (kilometres per hour) or mph (miles per hour). A quantity with just a size
(magnitude) Speed is a **SCALAR** because it only has a size (magnitude).

## Velocity

**Velocity** is also a measure of how fast an object is travelling at, but unlike speed
velocity is a **VECTOR;**
the direction is important and makes a difference.

If two objects are both travelling at the same speed but in different directions then the velocities are different.

Two cars at the same speed but in different direction means different velocities.

## Acceleration

**Acceleration** is a measure of how fast something is speeding up. Acceleration is stated in m/s^{2}, or meters
per second per second. This means the change of velocity (m/s) in one second.

Acceleration can be found using the expression : a= ∆v / t

a = acceleration in m/s^{2}

∆v = change in velocities (v2 - v1) in m/s

t = time in seconds

Acceleration rates for some fast objects

Object |
0 - 100km/h (s) |
Acceleration (m/s^{2}) |

Pistol Bullet at the end of the muzzle | 0.00007 | 400,000 |

Dragster | 0.7 | 40.0 |

Space Shuttle (max) | 0.95 | 29.0 |

Bugatti Veyron Super Sport | 2.4 | 11.57 |

Ariel Atom V8 | 2.5 | 11.1 |

Porsche 911 Turbo S | 2.7 | 10.29 |

Ferrari Enzo | 3.14 | 8.85 |

Space Shuttle (at take off) | 5.0 | 5.56 |

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